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UPDATE: Forbidden Discourse: The Silencing of Feminist Criticism of “Gender” — an Open Statement from 37 Radical Feminists from Five Countries, with biographical information about each signatory

Update: Earlier today, I posted biographical information for each of the signatories to this open statement — this is a very impressive gathering of women!  – but I have (reluctantly) removed this now out of concern over whether these women would want this information posted and over concerns about accuracy.  I may try to contact all of them and ask them whether they would be willing to have biographical information about them posted here.  I wish it could have stayed!  But it’s best to be cautious.  – Heart 

Forbidden Discourse: The Silencing of Feminist Criticism of “Gender”
An open statement from 37 radical feminists from five countries.

August 12, 2013

We, the undersigned 1960s radical feminists and current activists, have been
concerned for some time about the rise within the academy and mainstream media
of “gender theory,” which avoids naming men and the system of male supremacy
as the beneficiaries of women’s oppression. Our concern changed to alarm when
we learned about threats and attacks, some of them physical, on individuals and
organizations daring to challenge the currently fashionable concept of gender.
Recent developments: A U.S. environmental organization that also calls itself
radical feminist is attacked for its political analysis of gender. Feminist conferences
in the U.K., U.S. and Canada are driven from their contracted locations for asserting
the right of women to organize for their liberation separately from men, including
M>F (male to female) transgendered people.

Deep Green Resistance (DGR) reports1 that queer activists defaced its published
materials and trans activists threatened individual DGR members with arson, rape
and murder. Bookstores are pressured not to carry DGR’s work and its speaking
events are cancelled after protests by queer/transgender activists. At “RadFem”
conferences in London2, Portland3 and Toronto4, trans activists accuse scheduled
speakers of hate speech and/or being transphobic because they dare to analyze
gender from a feminist political perspective. Both MF transgender people and
“men’s rights” groups, operating separately but using similar language, demand
to be included in the Rad Fem 2013 conference in London called to fight against
women’s oppression and for liberation.

How did we slide back to the point where radical feminists have to fight for the
right to hold women-only conferences and criticize conventional “gender roles”?
The rise of Gender Studies may be part of the problem. Language is a wonderful
human tool for thinking, understanding, cooperation and progress, so it makes
sense that when people fight for freedom and justice against those who are
oppressing them, the use and misuse of words—of language—becomes part of
the struggle. Originally the term “gender” may have been a useful way around
the communication problem that the word “sex” in English has several meanings.
“Sex” refers to the reproduction of a species, as well as acts bringing about sexual
pleasure AND the simply descriptive division of many plants and animals into
two observable categories—the “sexes.” Using “gender” instead of “sex” allows
feminists to make it clear that all kinds of social relations and differences between
the sexes were unjust, not just sexual relations between the sexes. “Gender”
also covers the artificial, socially-created differences between the human sexes,
the overwhelming majority of which are politically, economically and culturally
disadvantageous to female humans.

“Gender Studies” has displaced the grassroots women’s liberation analysis
of the late 1960s and early 1970s. An early embrace of the neutral idea of
“sex roles” as a major cause of women’s oppression by some segments of the
women’s liberation movement has morphed into the new language—but the
same neutrality—of “gender roles” and “gender oppression.” With a huge
boost from the “new” academic theory coming out of those programs, heavily
influenced by post-modernism, “gender identity” has overwhelmed—when
not denying completely—the theory that biological women are oppressed and
exploited as a class by men and by capitalists due to their reproductive capacity.
Women often can no longer organize against our oppression in women-only
groups without being pilloried with charges of transphobia. But, as a UKbased
radical feminist “Fire in My Belly” wrote in her blog, “Radical feminists
recognise that an individual’s ‘gender identity’ cannot, in a fair society, be
allowed to ride roughshod over biological sex, which cannot be changed.”5
We do not view traditional sex/gender roles as natural or permanent. In fact,
criticizing these “roles” is valid and necessary for women’s liberation. Radical
feminist analysis and activism focus on unequal power relations between men
and women under male supremacy, with real, material benefits going to the
oppressor group (men) at the expense of the oppressed group (women).
The system of male supremacy comes down hard on non-conforming men and
women, as movingly described online by members of the trans community.
While switching gender identity may alleviate some problems on an individual
level, it is not a political solution. Furthermore, a strong case can be made that
it undermines a solution for all, even for the transitioning person, by embracing
and reinforcing the cultural, economic and political tracking of “gender” rather
than challenging it. Transitioning is a deeply personal issue associated with a
lot of pain for many people but it is not a feminist strategy or even individual
feminist stance. Transitioning, by itself, does not aid in the fight for equal
power between the sexes.

There will have to be many advances in science and technology before the
bodies of female humans will no longer be needed for the complicated
and dangerous jobs of supplying eggs and gestating and bearing ongoing
generations to carry on the work of the world. There will also, no doubt, be
struggles to ensure that women are not oppressed in new ways under these
new circumstances.

Not all feminists agree that ‘gender’ should be done away with, nor do
we agree with one another on pornography or prostitution or a radical
transformation of our economy or a number of other issues. But our movement
has a history of airing serious differences in speeches and distributed position
papers, not in physical attacks, threats of bodily harm and censorship of such
analyses. DGR and RadFem stood up for the right to think, speak and write
freely on the question of gender.

Although we may not be in total agreement with DGR’s analysis of gender, we
welcome it as an important contribution to radical feminism and commend
the courage it has taken to stand against the threats and attacks it brought
upon them. We defend the right of RadFem to exclude men, including M>F
trans people, from their feminist meetings and to invite speakers who analyze
gender from a feminist perspective. We also commend CounterPunch online
for publishing the DGR material, which brought similar attacks for transphobia
upon them, including from Jacobin magazine online.

We look forward to freedom from gender. The “freedom for gender”
movement, whatever the intentions of its supporters, is reinforcing the culture
and institutions of gender that are oppressing women. We reject the notion
that this analysis is transphobic. We uphold the radical feminist principle that
women are oppressed by male supremacy in both its individual and institutional
forms. We continue to support the radical feminist strategy of organizing an
independent power base and speaking the basic truths of our experience out of
earshot of the oppressor. We hold these principles and strategies essential for
advancing toward women’s liberation.
————————
Sources:
1 http://www.counterpunch.org/2013/06/21/55123/
2 http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/ireland/article1248683.ece
3 http://www.counterpunch.org/2013/06/07/the-left-hand-of-darkness/print
4 http://radfemriseup.wordpress.com
5 feministuk.wordpress.com/2013/06/19/radfem-2013-we-didnt-kill-any-men/

Contact: internationalfeminists@gmail.com

Initiated by Carol Hanisch (NY), Kathy Scarbrough (NJ), Ti-Grace Atkinson (MA), and Kathie Sarachild (NY)

Also signed by Roberta Salper (MA), Marjorie Kramer (VT), Jean Golden (MI), Marisa Figueiredo (MA), Maureen Nappi (NY), Sonia Jaffe Robbins (NY), Tobe Levin (Germany), Marge Piercy (MA), Barbara Leon (CA), Anne Forer (AZ), Anselma Dell’Olio (Italy), Carla Lesh (NY), Laura X (CA), Gabrielle Tree (Canada), Christine Delphy (France), Pam Martens (FL), Nellie Hester Bailey (NY), Colette Price (NY), Candi Churchhill (FL), Peggy Powell Dobbins (GA), Annie Tummino (NY), Margo Jefferson (NY), Jennifer Sunderland (NY), Michele Wallace (NJ), Allison Guttu (NY), Sheila Michaels (MO), Carol Giardina (NY), Nicole Hardin (FL), Merle Hoffman (NY), Linda Stein (NY), Margaret Stern (NY), Faith Ringgold (NJ), Joanne Steele (NY)

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Discussion

23 thoughts on “UPDATE: Forbidden Discourse: The Silencing of Feminist Criticism of “Gender” — an Open Statement from 37 Radical Feminists from Five Countries, with biographical information about each signatory

  1. Thank you, Heart, for posting this very important statement in a beautifully readable format. The bios are extraordinary.

    Posted by lizacowan | August 20, 2013, 2:40 pm
  2. Thank you very much. Having these important figures in feminist theory re-activate and speak in support of those of us who are currently trying to understand and deal with patriarchy is of the utmost importance. Please. Give us your wisdom and support. We are moving forward at incredible cost. Help us. We are leaving important blogs, Please review the discussion at http://factcheckme.wordpress.com/

    Posted by oserchenma | August 20, 2013, 2:48 pm
  3. My pleasure, Liza and Oserchenma! What radical feminists have done in the world, and are still doing in the world, is phenomenal.

    Posted by Heart | August 20, 2013, 2:56 pm
  4. Yes, thank you, I am so happy to hear these powerful voices speaking on our behalf. It’s extraordinary, as if some angels appeared suddenly in the midst of our confusion. I can only ask that these signatories link with us, help us, not disappear. Please, elder sisters, come forward even more, help us.

    Posted by oserchenma | August 20, 2013, 2:56 pm
  5. Oh, Heart, what a piece of documentation you’ve done here. I will share it around tomorrow. Incredible work.

    Posted by Maggie Jochild | August 20, 2013, 4:41 pm
  6. Hi Heart, thanks for posting our statement but you’ve got the wrong person for me. Here’s an intro to my feminist and professional activities:
    Kathy Scarbrough suffers from the persistent feeling that she was born about a decade too late. As a young teen in the late 60s the WLM seemed to be everywhere and nowhere and I was looking for it desperately. Upon entering college in the 70s I became active in the campus feminist group and was finally able to read some of the primary literature from the movement—things like Notes from the First and Second Year, No More Fun and Games, and Women: A Journal of Liberation. I became a leader in my campus feminist group and that is how I met Carol Hanisch and Kathie Sarachild. I was a member of Redstockings for a few years in the early 80s and also worked in groups opposing the wars in Latin America. I was an assoiciate editor of Carol Hanisch’s journal Meeting Ground in the early 90s. Back in the 70s I was tremendously moved by Barbara Seaman’s Free and Female and discovered a way to combine my interest in feminism with my interest in science. After a brief hiatus from school, I went back and earned a PhD in physiology (sub specialty: female reproductive neuroendocrinology) in 1990. I did postdoctoral and research faculty work for about 10 years then began teaching anatomy and physiology on a part time basis and continued my feminist activism. I consulted on Barbara Seaman’s book, The Greatest Experiment Ever Performed on Women. I am currently the webmistress for Carol Hanisch’s website, http://www.carolhanisch.org.

    Posted by Kathy Scarbrough | August 20, 2013, 7:05 pm
  7. The “gender” interest will be dying down. . They have overreached, and they are now boring. Boring simply doesnt stay alive in our media culture. Gender will be exploited, absorbed, well see it on TV, and then..poof.. gone again.
    Where are our lawyers??? We need to develop a cadre of bloggers to respond when its to bad, like death threats, and expose them. Exposing them is the only protection. And taking them to court as a hate group.
    We also experienced cyber attacks here, trying to crash our server. nameless terrorists.
    But of course being a witch helps. On the ether we don’t need to know their names, the Fates know evereything. I like to recommend to you a public HEX on these woman haters. Video it and make it go viral.
    May the GODDESS turn their luck to dust. their loyalties to each other into enemies. may thry have much bigger problems then feminists.
    Blessed be.

    Posted by Zsuzsanna Budapest | August 20, 2013, 7:28 pm
  8. Heart! Thank you for this incredible biographical information. This was clearly A LOT of work and and it is much appreciated by women everywhere. <3 Maybe especially women of my vintage (born in '78) and younger. Thank you so much.

    I also echo Oserchenma's plea to the signatories: please do not disappear! Please come forward, please keep speaking. Sex-based social roles must not be celebrated as essential parts of our ourselves, despite the insistent (but unsupportable) claims of those who champion "gender identity." This cannot be said too often or too loudly. Or by too many different voices!

    Posted by Elizabeth Hungerford | August 20, 2013, 8:06 pm
  9. Aw, all my favorites commenting! Love to all of you. <3 xo Kathy Scarbrough, thank you so much– I've corrected your info and am so happy to meet you. One huge sadness and frustration I had creating these bios is seeing how little information there is on the internet about so many AMAZING radical feminist women. I had to really hunt in some cases, which is preposterous, given the magnitude and significance of these women's work and contributions. Literally, people just don't know — and often don't want to know and don't care — what radical feminists have done over the space of half a decade, the amazing, incredible accomplishments that the young now take for granted. It's an uphill battle fighting the efforts at erasure.;

    Posted by Heart | August 20, 2013, 9:07 pm
  10. Reblogged this on Noanodyne, too.

    Posted by Noanodyne | August 20, 2013, 9:37 pm
  11. Reblogged this on winterdominatrix and commented:
    Women were silenced talking about being silenced from men dressed as women, these are men that pretty much hate women.

    Posted by druidwinter | August 20, 2013, 11:21 pm
  12. I’m glad I checked back here. There is a particular person at Pandagon.net claiming that gender criticism is racist and white supremacist and other nonsense. I had intended to refer them here to demonstrate the racial diversity of the signatories.

    I understand your concern, Heart, and I’m not criticizing *your* very respectful caution, but as a general matter, I don’t think anyone should sign their name to gender critical letters if they aren’t willing to be public about it or about themselves. This work is INSANELY controversial and it is not for the faint of heart. <<That is an understatement.

    Kathy Scarbrough, we'd love your scientific expertise to help debunk the neurosexism of "brain sex!" I am frequently dismissed here because I have a law degree and not a PhD in neurobiology. As far as Cordelia Fine and Rebecca Jordan-Young tell me, however, there is no reliable evidence that sex-based social roles have a neurological basis. Therefore, it makes no sense to justify transsexuality by finding significance in brain scan differences. We need more radical feminist scientists to speak out about this! I am in the Boston area and reachable by email which is published on my website sexnotgender.com.

    Posted by Elizabeth Hungerford | August 21, 2013, 6:58 am
  13. Well, as always, I’m of two, three or four minds about how out women need to be publicly re gender. On the one hand, I feel like, if you aren’t willing to sign your real life name to what you have to say — big ol’ hat tip to YOU Elizabeth Hungerford, rock on! — then you (generic “you”) should (1) expect what you have to say to be taken with a grain of salt, just generally (though if you say something brilliant, that’s good, but you can’t really lay claim to it because nobody knows who you are O_o); (2) should not be taken very seriously should you decide to attack someone who is right out there with her full real life name and identity. How sick is it for someone hiding behind a screen name to launch horrific attacks on someone who has put herself out there? But this is just 24/7 ho-hum on the internet and people get away with it all the time, including radical feminists and random assorted progressives, and shame on them. That’s my first mind. My second mind is, I’ve been out there, have I ever, my whole life, plastered all over the internet with my real life name, and plenty of psychotic, dangerous people have publicly attacked me, threatened me, threatened my family, threatened to rape me, kill me repeatedly, posted nonsense with my full real life name in the title of the nonsense. It’s hard enough to be a woman and a feminist and a radical feminist in the world without having to go through this kind of thing which can haunt you in unimaginably ugly ways. The women who signed this statement are, for the most part, my generation, second wavers. You get old, you find you are really just not willing to risk or suffer these foolish, but very dangerous, attacks. Most of the women who signed have gone through hell for the stands they have taken over many decades, some are in poor health, some are, and always have been, poor with very limited resources to protect or defend themselves. So I can see why they don’t want their current whereabouts posted, or inaccurate info about them that gets circulated, or maybe old info that is still out there that they wish wasn’t. My third mind is, anything that gets these women’s accomplishments and work out into the public arena is GOOD. So even though I took down everything I put together, sob, for a bit it was out there and folks who had no clue, got one. Re whoever it is who is all about gender criticism being racist and white supremacist, I have to think at this point people who make these claims are being willfully ignorant. Radical feminism has always, since the beginning, been nothing if not diverse, spanning race, class, ability/disability, ethnicity, age. But any port in a storm for many; it’s not about what’s true, it’s about what works to silence any woman who dares to be woman-centered and who puts the lives of female persons first.

    Posted by Heart | August 21, 2013, 8:04 am
  14. I didn’t realize I’d removed the names of the signatories! I put them back. I just intended to remove the biographical info I assembled.

    Posted by Heart | August 21, 2013, 8:14 am
  15. I am the person who asked Heart to take down the bios (not the names!), so sling any arrows about that my way. Although I felt bad about asking her to remove her hard work and appreciated the point she was trying to make, I was alarmed by the inaccuracies that I saw in some bios and concerned about the great amount of detail in some others that made repercussions more possible. (She had the wrong Kathy Scarbrough, for example.) Heart is not to be scolded for this, except perhaps to have assumed that what she found on the internet was accurate. Alas, not all of it can be trusted, as we know.

    Some of the women who signed the statement did so at greater risk than others, which is always the case when some live closer to the fire and are in more danger of getting burned. There were at least as many who decided not to sign, even though they agreed with much of it and I, for one, appreciate their quiet support at the same time I wish they would have gone public with us and hope (well, more than hope) they will in the future.

    I admit to being a “Jennie-come-lately” myself to this struggle as are many other of the signers. It was going on under many women’s radar because of the disarray of radical feminism (not an accident IMO, but that’s another topic) and a lack of Women’s Liberation Movement organizations and publications like we had in the “old days” to bring activists together and spread the word. Individual blogs have been very important, but can’t take the place of a more centralized and organized movement.

    I am inspired by the fortitude you all have shown in the face of such threats and attacks, and I regret it took so long to add my voice to this struggle. Hopefully in the process of taking on this one, we will join together in a broader fight for a revitalized Women’s Liberation Movement to end the oppression of (female) women.

    Carol Hanisch

    Posted by Carol Hanisch | August 21, 2013, 9:44 am
  16. Thanks, Carol! Part of the problem so far as this issue having been under the radar for radical feminism as a movement is that the battles have been and continue to be largely fought on the internet, specifically on the feminist blogosphere and most recently on Tumblr. Unless you keep up with these internet communities, it’s easy to miss (and maybe to dismiss as insignificant) how anti-female the views and positions of the transgender lobby can be. (For example, we have been advised that reproductive rights are not necessarily a feminist issue or a women’s issue. O_o Because transwomen do not bear children and transmen, who sometimes do bear children, are men) This during a time when women’s abortion and reproductive health rights are under horrific attack by the Right. We are also being told that we must agree that some women have male genitalia and to disagree is to be a bigot. There is only one real life venue that I know of where these battles have been and continue to be waged, and that is at Michfest. Michfest womyn have been on the front lines here for decades by now, at great cost to all, no matter their position. Then again, that is complicated, because Michfest is not a radical feminist venue, it is a wimmin’s, primarily lesbian venue, and many who attend are feminists, but some don’t identify as feminist. Now that I’m thinking about it, there’s one other place: these issues have also crept into real life women’s spirituality circles and conferences as Z could describe, where some are insisting that Dianics may not gather as female born persons, regardless their beliefs. Having said all of that, it’s hard to know how seriously to take the internet battles around this issue, because of the nature of the internet where people can be anonymous, make any claim they want to make, be as hateful as they can possibly be with no repercussions, then go on about their daily business. I don’t know that what we see of the trans lobby on the internet is a fair representation of real life, so there is also that. But having said that, it seems pretty clear from the debates themselves that the trans lobby has the support of the nations’ “gender studies” programs and professors, as well as the support of Queer/LGBTQ (together with mainstream medicine, of course), and therefore of most who would identify as progressive and liberal, who generally have not thought deeply at all about what the issues actually even are.

    Posted by Heart | August 21, 2013, 11:23 am
  17. “Gender identity” legislation that disregards (“regardless of”/”whether or not”) physical sex creates additional sites of conflict that play out foreseeably but unpredictaby in terms of exact time/location in various bathrooms, locker rooms, sports teams, and other traditionally sex-segregated spaces around the country. See the case of Colleen Francis for a “perfect” example. IMPROPER PURPOSE <3

    Posted by Elizabeth Hungerford | August 21, 2013, 11:33 am
  18. I didn’t learn about this initially on the internet. The first inkling I had that something really reactionary was going on was when so many women’s studies programs morphed into gender studies. I then heard about feminists running into problems while trying to organize women’s caucuses at some Occupy Wall Street camps. A woman I know who is very active and outspoken on abortion rights and anti-porn had her table attacked at a conference. I came across a statement of Deep Green Resistance which had run into similar problems and had their speaking engagements canceled and their speakers threatened. RadFem conferences in the UK, Canada and the U.S. were running into all kinds of problems just holding meetings for born-women only. I found some of this on the internet when I was looking for the connection between post-modernism and “gender identity” theory, but it was coming out of disruption of on-the-ground organizing against women’s oppression that really grabbed my attention. All that is just to say, it has not all been taking place in the blogosphere. It has had very real repercussions for those trying to organize for women’s liberation, not only for those trying to have blog discussions or attend music festivals.

    Men trying to keep women from meeting without them for political reasons is as old as the Women’s Liberation Movement. It was something we had to fight men (and some women) to be able to do back in the 1960s, but never in my wildest imaginings could I have predicted this rather surreal twist!

    Posted by Carol Hanisch | August 21, 2013, 1:31 pm
  19. Carol, you are right, in the past couple of years in particular there have been real life confrontations. I attended the Radfem Reboot in Portland last summer, I spoke there, and the venue had to be kept secret because of opposition to our having the conference at all. Same with the radfem conferences in the UK and Canada. Lierre Keith has taken all sorts of hits for her stand on these issues as have many others, who have sometimes been openly confronted in public places. In general, these attacks and confrontations have followed on the heels of years of online activism and the ensuing debates, attacks, and so on. Being an online radical feminist makes you an automatic target for attack when you attempt to gather with likeminded women in real life. The same is true so far as Michigan goes. Trans activists have monitored the Michfest bb since 2000 or so and religiously disrupted discussions there, to the point that forums dedicated to political discussion were closed completely.

    Posted by Heart | August 21, 2013, 2:33 pm
  20. Thank you to everyone who had the courage to sign and post this statement. I am appalled by the misogyny and viciousness that some (by no means all) trans activists have displayed. As they say, the more things change the more they stay the same. At the core of this issue lay the same issues that feminists have struggled with for centuries. We continue to have to fight for the right to set boundaries and the right to disagree with men without experiencing a violent backlash.

    Posted by Rose Water | August 22, 2013, 3:36 pm
  21. Having just engaged in one of the Internet battles around this issue, debating with a self-proclaimed feminist transwoman who defended the actions against Deep Green Resistance at Feminist Current, I have to say, it seems impossible to take these battles seriously. The capacity for evasion and willful ignorance of these people seems endless. They really believe radical feminists (at least the TERFs, their derisive term for those who criticize gender roles) are a hate group oppressing them. How this statement can be uttered by a feminist is beyond me:

    The fact is I AM a woman, even though I’m trans. And I get to define that for myself. And AS a woman, I’m the only one who gets to decide where I belong, and what spaces I get to enter.

    Posted by Aletha | August 23, 2013, 8:22 pm
  22. One thing I really like in the Open Statement is the idea that we are fighting for freedom FROM gender. This puts us completely at odds with those who are fighting for freedom FOR gender. As I and others have said before, they want into something that we want out of, and that’s a problem. On the one hand, I am completely supportive of human and civil rights for transgender persons. Because of the kind of work I do, I often see the struggles of transgender persons up close and personal. They transition, or announce they are going to, or begin the process, and they are fired, for just one example. Usually they are fired for some trumped-up reason, but the real reason is, they are transgender. I think the reason those of us fighting for freedom from gender are so hated is, maybe it looks as though we’re like the people who would fire someone for being transgender, and since we are feminists, radical, revolutionary, progressive, that feels like a huge betrayal. I get that, and I see no solution to it. I know that I can be completely supportive of transgender persons’, again, human and civil rights, while completely rejecting fighting for freedom for gender. As part of fighting for freedom from gender, I have to fight for female spaces, for the right of female persons to gather around our own experience of having gender forced on us from the time of our birth. Like I say, I don’t see that a win/win is possible here. We are just way too far apart.

    Posted by Heart | August 23, 2013, 8:54 pm

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  1. Pingback: Authenticity of the -Forbidden Discourse: The Silencing of Feminist Critique of “Gender”- statement has been confirmed | GenderTrender - August 20, 2013

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